Poble Espanyol is a unique town constructed from the re-creation to scale of 117 buildings from various regions of Spain. A peaceful and pleasant walk will show you the Peninsula’s variety of architectural heritage: from an Andalusian neighbourhood to Catalan Romanesque monastic architecture.
A peculiar village founded in 1929
We are talking about a village built on top of a mountain, Montjuïc. And this is precisely what it is: a village. With its main square and other smaller ones ,with streets full of traditional houses of various styles of Spanish architecture: Romanesque, Gothic, Mudejar, Renaissance, Baroque… And also, gardens, fountains, medieval walls… including a monastery and a museum!
The architect Puig i Cadafalch came up with the original idea and his colleagues Francesc Folguera and Ramón Reventós materialized it with the help of the art critic Miquel Utrillo and the painter Xavier Nogués, who travelled to 1.600 towns in the whole península, taking notes and drawing in order to capture the real essence of Spanish architecture. An essence which cannot be transmitted through big monuments but more through popular buildings, small parishes or enchanting little squares, the result of many centuries of history. The project had so much success that the government of the time decided to keep the precinct for the future generations.
Some of the buildings you’ll discover...
These are some buildings from different regions you can find reproduced and well preserved in Poble Espanyol.
Antiguo Ayuntamiento de Sigüenza
Castilla y León
Aranda de Duero
Aranda de Duero (Burgos)
Castilla y León
Arcos de la Lonja
Sos del Rey Católico (Zaragoza)
Ayuntamiento de Valderrobres
Arcos de Sos
Ayuntamiento de Graus
Ayuntamiento de Sigüenza
Castilla - La Mancha
Caldas de Reis
Caldas de Reyes (Pontevedra)
Arcos de la Frontera (Cádiz)
The parts you can’t miss
Poble Espanyol’s constructions are classified and organised into four large geographical
areas: Mediterranean, South, Centre and North. Together, they all form an urban framework
with places that you can’t miss. For example:
- Plaza Mayor: As in all Spanish towns, this is a large public space, inherited from the
Greek agora or Roman forum. In our Plaza Mayor, inspired by the one in Riaza
(Segovia), there is, of course the town hall, which is visually similar to the one in
Valderrobles (Teruel). However, its structure is actually inspired by many other
original constructions from other Spanish provinces.
- Plaza Aragonesa [Aragonese Square]: Dominated by the imposing Utebo Tower, this
is the other large square in Poble Espanyol. The mudéjar style of its construction is a
clear artistic reflection of the combination of Christian and Muslim religions. This is
without a doubt one of the unique elements of the peninsula’s culture and Spanish
- Catalan Roman architecture: At one of the ends of Poble Espanyol, you can find the
area dedicated to Catalonia. There you can admire the Monasterio de Sant Miquel
[Sant Miquel Monastery], which was designed recreating elements of five Catalan
monasteries, such as Santa María de Porqueres in Girona. In this area, you can also
see the constructions of the incipient, urban bourgeoisie in Calle Mercaders
[Mercaders street] and enjoy magnificent panoramic views of Barcelona.
- The South: This space, dedicated mainly to the Andalusian provinces, serves as a
beautiful contrast to the rest of the area. Narrow, winding, cobbled streets, white
facades with blue flower pots replete with geraniums and a typical Cordoba patio are
some of the characteristics of this area, where you can find the Plazuela del Carmen
and Virgen de los Faroles.
These are just four of the examples of the kind of Spanish architecture Poble can offer.
Throughout the area you will find streets and corners full of charm that will transport you
geographically and in time: the Bajada de Cervantes, Gradas de Santiago, the street of
Príncipe de Viana with hamlets from the Basque Country and Navarra, the Fuente de San
Miguel, etc. Lose yourself in Poble and enjoy the journey!
Very alive Spanish architecture
Poble Espanyol is much more than a decoration inspired by Spanish architecture. Its
constructions are full of life and are the perfect surroundings for cultural activities that you
can’t help but enjoy. For example, the Museo Fran Daurel [Fran Daurel Museum], which has
a rich collection of contemporary art where you can admire pieces by Picasso, Dalí, Miró,
Tàpies, Chillida or Barcelò. The modernity of these artists lives in harmony with the tradition
of Spanish architecture from previous centuries.
In addition, Poble Espanyol hosts dozens of crafts workshops which make unique creations
in leather, ceramics, metal, glass or wool, among many other materials, Because of this, our
space has been declared an area of interest for artisan crafts by the Generalitat de
Catalunya [Catalan Regional Government].
As if this wasn’t enough, the streets of Poble Espanyol are full of bars, shops, restaurants
and many other establishments that offer a rich commercial and leisure experience, just like
an authentic Spanish town!
So as to not miss any details of the constructions that form part of Poble Espanyol, below
you will find a complete directory.