Poble Espanyol is a unique town constructed from the re-creation to scale of 117 buildings from various regions of Spain. A peaceful and pleasant walk will show you the Peninsula’s variety of architectural heritage: from an Andalusian neighbourhood to Catalan Romanesque monastic architecture.

Travelling by foot and in a few minutes from Cordoba to Besalú or from Cangas de Onís to Medinaceli via Mallorca, Santiago de Compostela, Cáceres and many other parts of the Iberian Peninsula to discover Spanish popular architecture from another point of view is possible. This is the magic of the Poble Espanyol.

A peculiar village founded in 1929

We are talking about a village built on top of a mountain, Montjuïc. And this is precisely what it is: a village. With its main square and other smaller ones ,with streets full of traditional houses of various styles of Spanish architecture: Romanesque, Gothic, Mudejar, Renaissance, Baroque… And also, gardens, fountains, medieval walls… including a monastery and a museum!

All these things are common features of most villages in Spain and they are perfectly summarized in the Poble Espanyol of Barcelona. This was exactly the goal of the creators of the precinct, built in 1929 for the Barcelona International Exposition. In total, 117 constructions which are in fact full-scale replicas of other existing ones. The resemblance is so good that in some cases, they were used as examples for the restoration of the original building.

The architect Puig i Cadafalch came up with the original idea and his colleagues Francesc Folguera and Ramón Reventós materialized it with the help of the art critic Miquel Utrillo and the painter Xavier Nogués, who travelled to 1.600 towns in the whole península, taking notes and drawing in order to capture the real essence of Spanish architecture. An essence which cannot be transmitted through big monuments but more through popular buildings, small parishes or enchanting little squares, the result of many centuries of history. The project had so much success that the government of the time decided to keep the precinct for the future generations.



Some of the buildings you’ll discover...

These are some buildings from different regions you can find reproduced and well preserved in Poble Espanyol.

 


Albarracín

Albarracín (Teruel)

Aragón

Albarracín

Albarracín (Teruel)

Aragón

Albarracín

Albarracín (Teruel)

Aragón

Alquézar

Alquézar (Huesca)

Aragón

Antiguo Ayuntamiento de Sigüenza

Sigüenza (Guadalajara)

Castilla y León

Aranda de Duero

Aranda de Duero (Burgos)

Castilla y León

Ayuntamiento de Valderrobres

Valderrobres (Teruel)

Aragón

Arcos de la Lonja

Sos del Rey Católico (Zaragoza)

Aragón

Arcos de Sos

Jérica (Castellón)

Comunidad Valenciana

Belianes

Belianes (Lleida)

Catalunya

Ayuntamiento de Graus

Graus (Huesca)

Aragón

Besalú

Besalú (Girona)

Catalunya

Ayuntamiento de Sigüenza

Sigüenza (Guadalajara)

Castilla - La Mancha

Caldas de Reis

Caldas de Reyes (Pontevedra)

Galicia

Besalú

Besalú (Girona)

Catalunya

Calle Arcos

Arcos de la Frontera (Cádiz)

Andalucía

The parts you can’t miss

Poble Espanyol’s constructions are classified and organised into four large geographical
areas: Mediterranean, South, Centre and North. Together, they all form an urban framework
with places that you can’t miss. For example:

  • Plaza Mayor: As in all Spanish towns, this is a large public space, inherited from the
    Greek agora or Roman forum. In our Plaza Mayor, inspired by the one in Riaza
    (Segovia), there is, of course the town hall, which is visually similar to the one in
    Valderrobles (Teruel). However, its structure is actually inspired by many other
    original constructions from other Spanish provinces.
  • Plaza Aragonesa [Aragonese Square]: Dominated by the imposing Utebo Tower, this
    is the other large square in Poble Espanyol. The mudéjar style of its construction is a
    clear artistic reflection of the combination of Christian and Muslim religions. This is
    without a doubt one of the unique elements of the peninsula’s culture and Spanish
    architecture.
  • Catalan Roman architecture: At one of the ends of Poble Espanyol, you can find the
    area dedicated to Catalonia. There you can admire the Monasterio de Sant Miquel
    [Sant Miquel Monastery], which was designed recreating elements of five Catalan
    monasteries, such as Santa María de Porqueres in Girona. In this area, you can also
    see the constructions of the incipient, urban bourgeoisie in Calle Mercaders
    [Mercaders street] and enjoy magnificent panoramic views of Barcelona.
  • The South: This space, dedicated mainly to the Andalusian provinces, serves as a
    beautiful contrast to the rest of the area. Narrow, winding, cobbled streets, white
    facades with blue flower pots replete with geraniums and a typical Cordoba patio are
    some of the characteristics of this area, where you can find the Plazuela del Carmen
    and Virgen de los Faroles.

These are just four of the examples of the kind of Spanish architecture Poble can offer.
Throughout the area you will find streets and corners full of charm that will transport you
geographically and in time: the Bajada de Cervantes, Gradas de Santiago, the street of
Príncipe de Viana with hamlets from the Basque Country and Navarra, the Fuente de San
Miguel, etc. Lose yourself in Poble and enjoy the journey!

Very alive Spanish architecture

Poble Espanyol is much more than a decoration inspired by Spanish architecture. Its
constructions are full of life and are the perfect surroundings for cultural activities that you
can’t help but enjoy. For example, the Museo Fran Daurel [Fran Daurel Museum], which has
a rich collection of contemporary art where you can admire pieces by Picasso, Dalí, Miró,
Tàpies, Chillida or Barcelò. The modernity of these artists lives in harmony with the tradition
of Spanish architecture from previous centuries.
In addition, Poble Espanyol hosts dozens of crafts workshops which make unique creations
in leather, ceramics, metal, glass or wool, among many other materials, Because of this, our
space has been declared an area of interest for artisan crafts by the Generalitat de
Catalunya [Catalan Regional Government].
As if this wasn’t enough, the streets of Poble Espanyol are full of bars, shops, restaurants
and many other establishments that offer a rich commercial and leisure experience, just like
an authentic Spanish town!
So as to not miss any details of the constructions that form part of Poble Espanyol, below
you will find a complete directory.